Gonorrhea - a sexually-transmitted disease that causes painful urination, a purulent (pus) disharge from the urethra. Untreated disease may spread to other organs causing pelvic inflammatory disease (females only), arthritis, and skin rashes.
Neonatal conjuntivitis - an eye infection of newborn infants born to infected mothers
Habitat and transmission
- Neisseria gonorrhoeae is found on the mucous membrane surfaces of humans (i.e., the genital tract, the eyes, or throat)
- It is spread from person-to-person through intimate contact.
- Can be spread from a pregnant mother to the infant during childbirth.
Weapons and defenses
- Pili - allow attachment of the bacteria to the surface of mucous membranes and defend against white blood cells.
- Protease - a chemical that can destroy IgA antibodies.
- Spreads more easily in people with complement deficiencies and in pregnant females.
- May not cause symptoms in early infection (especially females), allowing for spread to internal organs.
Susceptible to antibiotics such as cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones.
Last Updated (Tuesday, 23 June 2009 05:18)